On 25 June, 1950 the ‘Cold War’ became ‘hot’ when North Korea launched an invasion against its neighbour to the South following a series of clashes along the border
The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union also gave some assistance to the North.
The war would last from 25 June, 1950 to 27 July, 1953 and would cost more than five million dead, wounded or missing.
When an armistice was signed on 27 July, 1953, the agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, and allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty has been signed, and according to some sources the two Koreas are technically still at war.
DIVIDING LINE: The 38th Parallel marked the border between North and South Korea.
TV HIT: The television sitcom MASH, set in the Korean War, lasted eight years longer than the actual war.
DEBUT: The helicopter played an important role in the war. It was used not only to evacuate casualties, but was used to carry troops into combat zones.
FIRED: General Douglas MacArthur was fired by US President Harry Truman for being too aggressive. He was replaced by General Matthew Ridgway who was more conservative.