US Civil War - Facts, figures and Trivia

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The US Civil War was the bloodiest war ever fought on American soil. During an average day during the war, approximately 600 people were killed.

By the end of the war, over 618,000 people had died. This is more Americans than WWI, WWII, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War combined.


Ten most costly Civil War battles

1. Battle of Gettysburg

Date - July 1–3, 1863

Total Casualties - 51,112

Union Casualties - 23,049

Confederate Casualties - 28,063


2. Battle of Chickamauga

Date - September 19–20, 1863

Total Casualties - 34,624

Union Casualties - 16,170

Confederate Casualties - 18,454


3. Battle of Chancellorsville

Date -  May 1–4, 1863

Total Casualties - 30,099

Union Casualties - 17,278

Confederate Casualties - 12,821


4. Battle of Spotsylvania

Date - May 8 –21, 1864

Total Casualties - 30,399

Union Casualties - 18,399

Confederate Casualties - 12,000


5. Battle of Antietam

Date - September 17, 1862

Total Casualties - 23,134

Union Casualties - 12,410

Confederate Casualties - 10,724


6. Battle of the Wilderness

Date -  May 5–7, 1864

Total Casualties - 25,416

Union Casualties - 17,666

Confederate Casualties - 11,000


7. Second Battle of Manassas

Date - August 29–30, 1862

Total Casualties - 25,251

Union Casualties - 16,054

Confederate Casualties - 9,197


8. Battle of Stones River

Date - December 31, 1862

Total Casualties - 34,624

Union Casualties - 16,170

Confederate Casualties - 11,739


9. Battle of Shiloh

Date -  April 6–7, 1862

Total Casualties - 23,741

Union Casualties - 13,047

Confederate Casualties - 10,694


10. Battle of Fort Donelson

Date -  February 13–16, 1862

Total Casualties - 19,455

Union Casualties - 2,832

Confederate Casualties - 16,623


US Civil War Trivia

Click on the icon to watch a video of “Dixie”.

AMPUTATION BOX: The most common operation performed on soldiers during the Civil War was amputation. The best surgeon could have a limb severed and discarded within five minutes. Civil War doctors were nicknamed “sawbones.” There were 60,000 partial or complete amputations during the war. Surgeons never washed their hands after an operation, because all blood was assumed to be the same, nor did he wash his instruments.

ONE AND ONLY: Dr. Mary Edwards Walker was not only the first woman surgeon in U.S. Military history, but she was also the only woman in the Civil War to be awarded the Medal of Honour, the highest honour given to a citizen of the U.S. She is the only female recipient of the award to date.

THE MEDIA GETS INVOLVED: The Civil War was the first war to be immediately reported in the press. The first ‘war’ photographs were taken at the Battle of Antietam.

Watch rare footage, taken in 1935, of Confederate veterans recreating the rebel yell by clicking on the icon.

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